Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (SABLA) in Himachal Pradesh – “Rajiv Gandhi Kishori Girls’ Empowerment Scheme – Sabla” has been implemented by the Government of India on November 19, 2010, in 200 districts of the country. In Rajasthan, this scheme is being implemented in 114 blocks of 10 districts such as Bikaner, Badmer, Banswara, Bhilwara, Dungarpur, Ganganagar, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jhalawad, and Udaipur. The above scheme was inaugurated in the State of Rajasthan on January 24, 2011, by Hon’ble Minister, Mabavi on the occasion of ‘Girl’s Day’. The scheme has been implemented for 11 to 18 years of non-schooling / school leaving schools, girls, and girls from 15 to 18 years (for nutrition provision) to go to school
- The word “adolescence” literally means “to come up” or “to get recognition”. It originated from the Latin word “adelaasere” , Which means “to grow, or to mature”. This is an important phase of transition between childhood from puberty. Publicly accepted definition of the teen term has not been given. However, the World Health Organization has defined it in terms of age between 10-19 years. The legal age for marriage in India is 18 years for girls and 21 years for boys. There is a close relationship between health, age, pregnancy, and education at the time of marriage.
- In India, the juvenile (11-18 years) is 16.7% of the total population of 49.6514 crores (Comptroller and Census Commissioner, India, 2001), which is approximately 8.3 crores. The female literacy rate is only 53.87% and approximately 2.74 crore girls (33% of 8.3 million) are undernourished. As the National Family is reflected in Health Survey-3, approximately 56.2% of women (15-49 years) suffer from anemia. Thus, many of their needs are incomplete in matters of education, health (mainly reproduction health) and nutrition. This is primarily due to the lack of targeted health services for the juveniles and the widening of widely spread women-male discrimination and limited access to women to health services, due to the current trend of giving birth to infants and infants at a young age, And their children have a high risk of adverse consequences. In Indian Constitution, the principle of gender equality is envisaged to enable states to adopt positive measures to end discrimination against girls, girls, and women.
- Under the human rights infrastructure established and approved by the world community, rights related to rights related to especially adolescent girls, including rights of gender equality, education and health (including reproduction and sexual health) and information and appropriate services, abilities, and conditions of their age Are there. Teenagers should look not only in terms of their needs but also in the rope of such individuals who can become useful members of society.
- The above scheme has affected the lives of the teenager to some extent, but could not show the expected impact. In addition, in the above two schemes, financial support and expansion were limited in addition to benefiting similar interventions and almost identical target groups. The merger of these two schemes came up with the need of formulating a new comprehensive scheme which can solve the multi-dimensional problems of the teenager. The name of this new scheme will be Rajiv Gandhi Kishori Empowerment Scheme – Sabla. This scheme will replace “Kishori Shakti Yojana” (KSY) and “Nutrition Program for Adolescent Girls” (NPAG) in 200 selected districts and implementation of “Kishori Shakti Yojna” in the remaining districts ( Where already pre-operated) will continue.
- Enabling adolescent girls for self-confidence and empowerment.
- Improving their nutrition and health habits.
- Promote awareness of health, cleanliness, nutrition, teenage reproduction and sexual orientation (ARSH) and family and child care.
- To upgrade their domestic skills, life skills and engage them with vocational skills with the National Skill Skills Development Program.
- Connecting students with the mainstream of formal/informal education.
- Providing information/guidance about the existing public services like Primary Health Centers, Community Health Centers, Post Offices, Banks, Police Stations etc.
- Nutrition Provisions
- Iron and folic acid Anupuran
- Self-Examination and Referral Services
- Nutrition and Autonomous Education
- Guidance on Family Welfare, Kishori Reproduction and Sexual Swans, Child-Monitoring System and Home Management.
- Life skill education and access to public services
- Vocational Training
A group of 15 to 25 girls will be formed at Anganwadi centers under Sabla scheme. If more than 25 numbers, then more groups will be formed. If there are fewer than 7 girls, the girls will be benefited directly from the scheme by not constituting the group.
- Through Near Agewadi centers.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls PDF
Some Important Links
Official website:- www.nmew.gov.in
Scheme details:- www.wcd.nic.in/schemes/scheme-adolescent-girls-sag
It is a special feature of the scheme that for the benefit of all the beneficiaries under this scheme, the provision of nutrition for 6 days in the equal week of pregnant/feminine women is to be made. For nutrition provision, there is a provision of 5 rupees per girl child per day. 50 percent of which will be borne by the Indian government and 50 percent of the amount by the state government.
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