Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme – KGBV – The Indian government has shown its commitment towards providing education to everyone. Despite this, India’s female literacy rate is lowest in Asia in the continent. According to 2001 census (source- India 2006, publication department, Government of India), only 53.67 percent of the women population of 49.46 crores of the country was literate. This means that about 22.91 crore women in India today are illiterate. Now let us have a closure look at the matter and that too within a short briefing that would definitely offer a smart closure. Surely you will get all the details that you wish to have regarding the scheme and the process of application in it.
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Yojana was launched by the Government of India in 2004 for the establishment of Residential High Primary School for the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Class Girls in remote rural areas.
Expansion and nature of a plan
This scheme is being implemented in all the backward areas since 2004, where the rate of rural female literacy is below the national level (46.13 percent) and according to the census of 2001, the gender gap is more than the national average – 21.59. In these blocks, the establishment of the school will be done by keeping in mind some of the following things:
• In such areas where the population of SC, ST, OBC, and minorities is high and the female literacy rate is very low and the number of girls out of school (i.e., not school) is quite high.
• Areas where there is a low female literacy rate
• Areas where small and scattered habitations are not possible and the establishment of school there is not possible
Conducting the following facts from April 1, 2008, the terms of the eligible sections for Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya scheme have been amended –
In the 316 educated backward class of the country where literacy rate in rural women is very low, it has been included.
94 cities or towns of the country where literacy rate of women belonging to the minority community is less than 53.67 (according to Ministry of Minorities Affairs), has been included in this scheme.
The government of India has introduced Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Scheme for the opening of 750 residential schools (including accommodation facility) at the elementary level for the girls belonging to SC / ST / OBC / minority communities living in far-flung areas of the country. This new scheme, schemes being implemented under the Department of Elementary Education and Literacy, such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, will work in collaboration with the National Program for Girl Child Education at the Elemental Level and the Mahila Samakhya.
Workspace and cover
Kasturba Gandhi residential girl school is to be started in educationally backward blocks of the state where according to 2001 census rural female literacy rate is below the national average and the gender gap of literacy above the national average (National Rural Women Literacy rate is 46.58% and National Gender gap is 21.70%).
The main objectives of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya are as follows:
The main objective of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya is to provide quality elementary education through the residential school for girls of the Aboriginal class living in uneven conditions.
• Catalyzing parents/guardians so that girls can be sent to Kasturba Gandhi residential girl school.
• Mainly focusing on girls who are out of school (unnamed / sneezed) and whose age is above 10 years.
• Particular attention to girls especially girls from one place to another.
• Nomination of 75% Scheduled Castes / Tribes / Extremely Backward Classes and Girls of Minority Communities and 25% of Below Poverty Line families in Kasturba Gandhi residential girl school on the priority basis.
Under the scheme, in the 10th Plan, the scheme will be opened between 500-750 residential school, recurring cost of 19.05 lakhs per school and the estimated cost of 26.25 lakh rupees at an estimated cost of the scheme. Initially, after determining the location, the proposed school will be opened in rented buildings or available government buildings.
National Evaluation of KGBV
The National Evaluation of the KGBV plot was embraced between 29th January to twentieth February 2008 of every 12 States of Gujarat, Jharkhand, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Orissa, with 12 free specialises in young ladies instruction and another joint Evaluation of NPEGEL and KGBV conspire was additionally attempted between nineteenth November to fourteenth December, 2007 in States of Assam, Manipur, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Haryana, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Mizoram, Tripura and Dadar and Nagar Haveli.
Major components of the plan
Establishment of Residential School in the place where at least 50 girls of SC / ST / OBC / minority communities are ready or available for reading at the primary level. Based on eligible girls, this number may be more than 50. Three possible models have been identified for this kind of school and it has been given in schedule 1 (a) to 1 (c).
• Providing essential infrastructure to these schools.
• Teaching for School – Providing Material and Support.
• Providing appropriate academic support and arranging an appropriate mechanism for evaluation and operation.
• Inspire and prepare parents and students to send the girl to residential school.
At the primary level, there will be an emphasis on some older girls who are out of school and unable to complete their primary school (10 +). However, the girls of old age can be included in the remote areas (nomadic population and dormant housing where primary / upper primary school is not equipped). These are the options that are now in the practice.
Degree/Coverage of the plan
The plan was pertinent since origin in 2004, in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) where the rural female proficiency is underneath the national normal (46.13%: Census 2001) and sexual orientation level in education is more than the national normal (21.59%: Census 2001). Among these pieces, schools might be set up in ranges
- The concentration of tribal populace, with low female proficiency and additionally an extensive number of young ladies out of school;
- The concentration of SC, OBC, and minority populaces, with low female proficiency or potentially a substantial number of young ladies out of school;
- Areas with low female proficiency; or
- Areas with an expansive number of little, scattered homes that don’t meet all requirements for a school
The criteria of qualified squares have been reexamined with impact from first April 2008 to incorporate the accompanying:
- An extra 316 Educationally in reverse squares with country female proficiency underneath 30%; and
- 94 Towns/urban communities having minority fixation (according to the rundown distinguished by Ministry of Minority Affairs) with female education rate beneath the national normal (53.67%: Census 2001)
Administration of Odisha, Ganjam District has shown 09 empty seats for Part Time Teacher, Warden, Peon, Head Cook, and Assistant Cook Vacancies on contract premise. Applicants fulfilling the coveted qualification conditions as specified in the Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya Official Notification can present their application frame in the endorsed design at the very latest fifteenth April 2017 with the assistance of points of interest being read carefully.
NOTE:- Candidates are encouraged to completely read the first Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya work notice before applying for the coveted post.
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The positive impact of this low-level literacy is not only on the quality of women but also on the economic development of their family and country. Studies have shown that illiterate women generally have very high maternal mortality rates, low nutritional levels, low income earning capacity and very little autonomy in the family. The negative impact of illiteracy in women also falls on the health and livelihood of her children. For example, a recent survey shows that there is a deep relation between the infant death rate and the educational level of the mothers. In addition, the lack of an educated population is obstructing the country’s economic development.
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