The government of India launched a scheme for model residential schools for the Indian schedule tribes, ST across the country under the name of Eklavya Model Residential School. The scheme was launched under the strict supervision of the tribal ministry of India, Government of India.
Details on the Model School launching scheme
The government of India would give a one-time grant of INR. 30 lakhs to build and establish each school, after which the schools would be given INR. 30 lakhs every year to each school established under the scheme. The entire cost of the schools running under the scheme is being barred by the government of each state. 72 schools under the Eklavya Model Residential Schools scheme have been built throughout India, the highest being in the state of Orissa then Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh states.
Objectives of the scheme
- Complete physical, social and mental development would be offered to all students who have enrolled in the schools under the EMRS scheme. All students would be offered a change agent at the beginning of their school programme, at their homes, at their villages and at the end is probably a larger setting.
- Focusing differently on the educational support that is to be made available to students in classes’ xi and xii, and those in classes vi and x, so that their future matches may be met.
Structuring the EMRC
- Admission to these schools will be through selection/competition with suitable provision for preference to children belonging to Primitive Tribal Groups, first generation students, etc.
- Sufficient land would be given by the State Government for the school, play grounds, hostels, residential quarters, etc., free of cost.
- The number of seats for young men and young ladies will be equivalent.
- In these schools, education will be entirely free.
- Every class can have most 60 students ideally in 2 segments of 30 students in each and the aggregate authorized quality of the school will be 480 understudies.
- At the Higher Secondary level (class XI and XII), there will be three segments of each class for the three streams in Science, Commerce and Humanities. The most extreme endorsed quality of the each area might be 30 understudies. If there should arise an occurrence of the deficit in a segment, ST understudies from different schools might be conceded according to technique said at above para.
Facilities in the schools under the scheme
- The following items may particularly be included in the layout of the Eklavya Model Residential School.
- Sufficient no. of class rooms.
- Teacher’s resource room/computer lab.
- Students computer lab/language room
- Science laboratory
- General purpose hall/ Recreation Room/ Auditorium (can be combined with dining space)
- Infirmary/ sick room
- Housing for teachers, security and supporting staff
- Well ventilated dormitories
- Assured/ reliable water supply
- Office Room for hostel warden
- Courtyard/verandah for washing and drying clothes
- Recreation/common room/covered courtyard for rainy season activities
- Rainwater harvesting
- Reliable sewage system
- Openable/cleanable nets on doors and windows to keep out mosquitoes/insects.
- Solar water heating
- Kitchen garden and compost pit
- Kitchen utensil washing area
- Multipurpose area-covered verandah attached to kitchen
- Housing for wardens, security and supporting staff (in case of proposals relating to Ashram Schools)
- Outdoor areas
- Compound wall
- Area for plantation of nutritional fruit trees
- Garden and small shed
- Toilets for workers/visitors
- Electrical control room
- Underground tanks, pump house
- Sewage treatment plant
- Security cabin/guard room
- The entire school building including library, laboratories and toilets should be accessible to children with disabilities.
Cost and Budget
- The capital cost of launching the schools including hostels and staff quarters is INR. 12 crores with an endowment to rise up to 16 crores in the hilly areas, deserts and islands. Any further costs will be covered by the state government.
- The recurring costs during the 1st year for the schools would be around INR. 42000/- per child, which may rise by 10% every year to compensate for inflation.
- For non-recurring items such as furniture and equipment included kitchen, hostel recreation, dining and garden areas etc. INR. 10 lakhs would be given per school, which would be allotted once in every five years, allowing to beat inflation.
- The entire amount under the recurring cost functioning on each school would be released by the state/UT government to the bank accounts of the EMRS.
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