The Digital India e-Governance initiative took to the market in the mid-90s for a wider sectoral application with the focus on citizen-centric services but the e-Governance project was citizen-centric and they made a lesser impact than the desired amount. The Government, later on, launched the National e-Governance Plan (NeGP) in 2006. The successful implementation of many projects covering the e-Governance across the country, the projects were not able to make the desired impact and fulfil all its objectives.
In order to transform the entire ecosystem of public services through the use of information technology (IT), the government of India launched the Digital India Program with the vision of transforming India into a digitally empowered society and knowledgeable economy.
The Digital India and the Make in India programs have been the two biggest projects of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The first step was taken with the launch of the MyGov.in the portal. Launched on 1st of July 2015 with the plan to connect rural areas with high-speed internet networks. The IT was used to empower people in areas relating to health, education, labour, employment and commerce etc.
Table of Contents
- Program emphasis
- The Vision of Digital India
- The key projects of Digital India program
- The Policy initiative
- The impact of the Digital India Program
- Some other Key projects under the Digital India Initiative:
The Digital India encompasses various initiatives under a single program that have been targeted to prepare India for becoming a knowledgeable economy and for the upbringing of better governance to citizens through a synchronised and coordinated engagement of the entire Government.
The program has been promoted and put in line by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology (DEITY) with being synchronised along with various central Departments/Ministries and State Governments. The prime minister is the chairman of the monitoring committee on the Digital India, activities under the Digital India program is being carefully monitored. According to the e-Governance initiative have been refurbished to align them with the principals of Digital India.
The Vision of Digital India
The vision is to wide-range the growth in areas of electronic services, products, manufacturing and job opportunities etc.
It is centred on three key areas:
• The Digital Infrastructure as a utility to every citizen
• Governance & Services on demand and
• The digital Empowerment of citizens
With the top vision, the Digital India program aims to provide Broadband Highways, Universal Access to Mobile Connectivity, Public Internet Access Program, e-Governance: Reforming Government through Technology, eKranti – Electronic Delivery of Services, Information for all, Electronics Manufacturing: Target Net Zero Imports, IT for Jobs and Early Harvest Programs.
The key projects of Digital India program
There are several projects as well as products that have already launched or ready to launched as indicated below:
1. Digital Locker Systems
It aims to minimise the usage of physical documents and enable sharing of e-documents across agencies. The sharing of the e-documents will be done through a registered repositories thereby ensuring the authenticity of the documents online.
The following has been implemented as a platform for citizen engagement in governance, through a “Discuss”, and “Disseminate” approach. The mobile App for MyGov would bring these features to users on a mobile phone.
3. Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) Mobile app
This is being used by the citizens and the government organisations for achieving goals of Swachh Bharat Abhiyan.
4. eSign framework
This would allow the nation’s people to digitally sign a document online using the Aadhar authentication.
5. Online Registration System (ORS)
Under the eHospital application that has been introduced. The application provides important services such as online registration, payment of fees and appointment along with online diagnostic reports, enquiring availability of blood online etc.
6. The National Scholarship Portal
This is a one-stop solution for end to end scholarship process right from the submission of student applications, verification, sanctions and disbursal to end beneficiary for all the scholarships provided by the Government of India.
7. The Digital India Platform (DIP)
The project was taken for large-scale digitisation of records in the country that would facilitate efficient delivery of services to the citizens.
8. The Bharat Net
This is a high-speed digital highway to connect 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats in the country. This would be the world’s largest rural broadband connectivity project using the visual strength.
9. The Next Generation Network (NGN)
This is an IP-based technology to manage all types of services like voice, data, multimedia and other types of packet switched communication services.
10. BSNL Wi-Fi Hotspots
The BSNL has undertaken a large-scale deployment of Wi-Fi hotspots throughout the country. The user can connect to the BSNL Wi-Fi through their mobile phones.
11. Broadband Highways
While connectivity is one criterion, enabling and providing technologies to facilitate delivery of services to citizens forms the other.
The Policy initiative
• The policy has been undertaken by DeitY in the e-Governance domain like e-Kranti Framework,
• The policy is on the use of IT Resources of Government of India.
• The policy is also in collaboration with Development by Opening the Source Code of Government Applications as well as,
• Application Development & Re-Engineering Guidelines for Cloud-Ready Applications
This has been approved to create BPO centres in different North Eastern states and also in smaller towns of the other states.
Electronics Development Fund (EDF)
The policy aims to promote innovation, R&D, and Product Development and to create a resource pool of IP within the country to create a self-sustaining ecosystem of venture funds.
National Center for Flexible Electronics (NCFlexE)
It is an initiative of the Government of India to promote research and innovation in the emerging areas of Flexible Electronics.
Center of Excellence on the Internet on things
This is a joint initiative of the Department of Electronics & Information Technology (DeitY), ERNET and NASSCOM.
The impact of the Digital India Program
• The estimated impact of the Digital India is by 2019
• This would be ranging from broadband connectivity in all Panchayats
• Wi-Fi in schools and universities and Public Wi-Fi hotspots.
• The program is expected to generate a huge number of IT, Telecom and Electronic jobs, both are set directly and indirectly.
• The success of the program is expected to make India Digitally empowered and the leader in usage of IT in the delivery of services related to various domains such as the health, education, agricultural and banking etc.
Some other Key projects under the Digital India Initiative:
The MyGov is currently active project that is a citizen engagement platform founded by the Government of India to promote the active participation of Indian citizens in their countries governance and development.
In simple terms the project works more or like an online platform to engage citizens in governance through a “Discuss”, “Do” and “Disseminate” approach.
The Digi Locker is the short term for “digital locker” which was introduced in February 2016 and the service was launched by the Government of India in July 2015 to provide a secure dedicated personal electronic cloud space for storing the documents of resident Indian citizens.
The eSign Framework is based on an online electronic signature service in India to facilitate an Aadhar card holder to digitally sign a document without using physical cryptographic tokens. The signature service is facilitated by authenticating the Aadhar holder via an Aadhar-based e-KYC (electronic know your customer) service.
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan mobile app
The app under the Swachh Bharat Mission is specifically built to collect data on the use of toilets. The ministry of drinking water and sanitation (MDWS) has launched the android based mobile application to record the number of household toilets and their usage in rural India.
National Scholarship Portal
The National Scholarship Portal initiative is targeted to make the scholarship processes easier. From the submission of the application, verification, sanctioning and disbursal to end beneficiary and everything related to the government offered scholarships can be done on this single portal online.
The eHospital program is an online registration system under the initiative enables citizens to avail services like online registration, payment of fees and appointment, online diagnostic reports, checking on the availability of blood online etc.
Digital India Platform
The Digitize India Platform (DIP) is an initiative launched by the Government of India under the Digital India Program to provide digitized services for scanned document images or physical documents for any organization. The platform was launched on the 1st of July 2015 as part of the Digital India Initiative.
Under the initiative, a high-speed digital highway will connect all 250,000-gram panchayats of the nation. This is a telecom infrastructure provider, set up by the government of India for the establishment, management, and operation of National Optical Fiber Network. This is the world’s largest rural broadband project.
The development of high-speed BSNL Wi-Fi hotspots across the country is yet another initiative to improve the digital connectivity in the country.
The Next Generation Network
It is launched by the BSNL group of services to replace 30-year-old telephone exchanges to manage all the types of services like voice, data, multimedia and other types of communication services.
Electronic Development Fund
The fund would be set up to support the manufacturing of electronic products that would help create new jobs and reduce import. The funds will be used to promote innovation, research, and development of products to create a resource pool within the nation.
Center of Excellence on Internet of Things (IOT)
In partnership with NASSCOM, DeiTY, and ERNET in Bangalore, the Center of Excellence will enable a rapid adoption of IOT technology and encourage a new strategic growth. IOT is to enable assistance to all citizens in services like transport system, parking, electricity, waste management, water management and women’s safety to create smart cities, smart health services, smart manufacturing and smart agriculture etc.