GST

July 1, 2017 | By Jagjit Singh | Filed in: Government Schemes, News & Updates, Politicians, Politicians of India, State Government, Yojana.

On the 1st of July 2017 at midnight the Modi Government switched India to GST with the press of a button, the single biggest tax reform that has been undertaken by the country in 70 years of its Independence. The GST is set to be a game changer for the Indian economy against corruption, as well as the outcome of a thought process over several years of the Modi Government.

The one national GST unifies the country’s USD 2 trillion economy and 1.3 billion people into a common market, GST is said to end tax terrorism and inspector raj, two of the biggest hurdles to

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    • The thought of having one joint indirect tax to subsume numerous existing roundabout expenses is to profit the Indian economy in various ways:
      • It will enable the nation’s organisations to pick up a level playing field
      • It will put us comparable to remote countries who have a more organised assessment framework
      • It will likewise convert into picks up for the end shopper who not needs to pay falling assessments any longer
      • There will now be a solitary expense on merchandise and ventures s

GST in Brief?

Goods Service Tax is a thorough, multi-arranged, Destination-based tax that would be collected at each stage of value addition.

To understand the concept of GST let us begin with the terms lined up above:

      • Multi-Stage

Before a product reaches the customers there are multiple steps it goes through right from the manufacturer to the final sale.

    • The entire process begins with buying raw materials.
    • The second step is the manufacturer.
    • Then there is warehousing or storage.
    • Next, comes the sales of the product to the retailer.
    • And the final stage involves “us” the buyers.
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The Goods Service Tax will be implemented on each of these stages, which would make it a multi-stage tax system.

How will it be implemented? We would shortly tell you about that first let’s get educated about:

  • Value Addition.

Let us assume a manufacturer wants to make a table. He needs to follow a simple process

  • He would need to buy the wood
  • That wood would be carved into a table, so this makes the value of the wood increase as it is being used for making the table.
  • Then, the manufacturer sells it to the warehouse agents who attach the brand labels, this makes it another addition to the value after which the warehousing sells it to them,
  • A retailer who packages the tables and invests in the marketing of the furniture thus increasing its value.
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GST will be exacted on these value additions – the financial worth added at each phase to accomplish the last deal to the end client.

Destination based selling is another term that we have explained in our article on GST. Merchandise and Ventures Tax will be demanded on all exchanges occurring amid the whole assembling chain. Previously, when an item was produced, the centre would require an Excise Duty on the fabric, and after that, the state will include a VAT charge when the thing is sold to the following stage in the cycle. At that point, there would be a VAT at the following purpose of the offer.

The pattern of taxation earlier:

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The GST will be imposed at every point of sale. Let us Assume if the product is being manufactured in Delhi and the final point of sale is in Chandigarh, since the GST is levied at the point of consumption, so Delhi will get revenue in the manufacturing and warehousing stages, but lose out on the revenue when the product moves out of Delhi and reaches the end consumer in Chandigarh. Which means that Chandigarh will earn that revenue on the final sale because it is a destination-based tax system and this revenue will be collected at the final point of sale/destination which is Chandigarh.

Why is GST considered so important?

Presently, the Indian expense structure is isolated into two-Direct and Indirect Taxes.

  • Coordinate assessments are required where the obligation can’t be passed on to another person. A case of this is Income impose where you acquire the Income and only you are obligated to pay the expense on it.
  • Roundabout charges are the obligation of the assessment that can be passed on to another person. Which implies that when the retailer must pay VAT on his deal, he can pass on the obligation to the client. In this way, in actuality, the client pays the cost of the thing and in addition the VAT on it so the business person can store the VAT to the administration. This happens in light of the fact that the business person has paid a duty when he purchased the thing from the distributor. To recoup the sum, and in addition cosmetics, for the VAT he should pay the legislature.

The merchandise and administration expense will resolve this issue as it has an arrangement of Input Tax Credit which enables the dealer to guarantee the assessment officially paid so the last obligation on the client’s end is diminished..

How does the GST work?

When the Goods and Service Tax is Implemented, there will be three kinds of applicable taxes:

  • The revenue that is to be collected by the central government is called CGST
  • The revenue that is to be collected by the state governments for intra-state sales in called SGST
  • The revenue that is to be collected by the central government for inter-state sales  is called IGST
Transaction New Regime Old Regime Comments
Sale made in the state CGST + SGST VAT + Central Excise/Service tax Revenue will now be shared between the Centre and the State
Sale to another State IGST Central Sales Tax + Excise/Service Tax There will only be one type of tax (central) now in the case of inter-state sales.

 

What does it mean for India?

1) It gives the country one uniform tax and no frequent rate changes
2) A lower tax burden. One market to help businesses. No truck queues at state borders
3) GDP could rise by 2%
4) Less scope for evasion, which means higher revenues
5) Lower taxes to boost exports
6) Inspector Raj will ease its grip

The concerns

1) Multiple tax slabs means lesser gains and disputes over classification
2) Multiple registrations in different states
3) Confusion over how the tax will work out, as well as filing
4) Apprehension over existing stocks
5) Fears of anti-profiteering unleashing inspector Raj

What does it mean for businesses?

1) No dread that a state will arbitrarily raise charges

2) Transparency in charges

3) Easy in light of the fact that just a single expense to represent

4) Automated process implies less babu-dom

5) Goods and administrations suppliers will get the advantage of information assess credit for the products utilised, adequately making the genuine frequency of tax collection lower than the feature tax assessment rate.

Furthermore, in particular, what it implies for you

And most importantly, what it means for you

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Rate classification for services

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Only rates of select goods and services have been mentioned here

GST rate on pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, diamonds (other than rough diamonds), precious metals (like gold and silver), imitation jewellery, coins-3% GST rate on rough diamonds-0.25%.

List of things to get cheaper after the GST

Below is a comprehensive list of the goods and services which will become cheaper from July 1 when GST comes into force:

    • Eatables

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  • Items of daily use

  • Stationary, Health Care and Apparels

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    Vehicles and Other Features

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How can GST help you save INR 5000 in a year?

The Goods and Service Tax (GST) will not be much different for the common man, when you go out after this to buy groceries you will not find the GST hitting your budget, though the new prices might help you save a few hundred rupees every month.

While the prices of daily use food items like vegetables, fruits, milk, rice, flour and pulses remain unchanged under the GST, that of packed chicken, edible oils and butter will rise a little. Merchandise like packed tea/espresso, flavours, stuffed curd, pressed cheddar, desserts, corn pieces, hair oil, shampoos, confront cream and medications will be less expensive than some time recently. Therefore, GST means marginal savings for households. Here is a list of the possible monthly expenses from the 1st of July onwards:

Items Qty(Kg/Ltr/Pack) Old price (per unit) Total (Rs.) New Price (per unit) Total (Rs.)
Flour 20 25 500 25 500
Rice 20 50 1000 50 1000
Bread 15 20 300 20 300
Pulses 5 110 550 110 550
Milk 60 52 3120 52 3120
Vegetables/Fruits 30 50 1500 50 1500
Tea 2 150 300 150 300
Packaged chicken 5 350 1750 359 1795
Edible oil 4 125 500 126 505
Masala 1 300 300 289 289
Curd 2 100 200 92 184
Packaged cheese 2 250 500 240 480
Butter 4 50 200 53 212
Biscuit 20 10 200 9 180
Sweets 2 350 700 337 674
Corn flakes 2 150 300 134 268
Ice cream 15 45 675 42 630
Cold drinks 15 20 300 18 270
Juices 15 30 450 29 435
Soap 8 25 200 21 168
Toothpaste 2 60 120 51 102
Hair oil 2 150 300 127 254
Shampoo 2 250 500 230 460
Face cream 2 300 600 280 560
Medicine 5 100 500 90 450
Total 15,565 15,186

A middle-class household is going to save INR 379 on an average by calculations, therefore, saving in a year INR 4,548.

How disruptive will the implementation of the GST be?

Any change, even a little change in the method of documenting an arrival, is troublesome. An irrelevant interference in this considering the smooth path in which a large number individuals have recently moved to the GST and some new registrants are joining now. In the medium and long haul more income implies all the more spending by the administration.

There are anxieties among little organisations who frame the gathering’s base. Some are notwithstanding arranging challenges.

It is not going to be difficult for small business. There will be no obligation on neighbourhood mum and pop shops. Those with a turnover of up to Rs 20 lakh don’t have to pay any cost or select. For those with yearly turnover between Rs 20 and Rs 75 lakh, you can benefit of the merger plot. In the arrangement conspire, merchants need to pay 1% duty and makers need to pay 2%. Those with turnover above Rs 75 lakh are not that little and must be as of now benefiting administrations of an expense expert or a CA (sanctioned bookkeeper) even at this point.

Each change is contradicted by one or other gathering. I am not all that stressed about it. The GST Council is a collection of those people. It is a mindful body. In the event that anybody feels estimations were not right, they can speak to, the chamber can consider. There is a fitment board of trustees and chamber has considered more than 60 cases. You can’t anticipate that the board will act underweight. The contention that I didn’t pay impose under the old framework and there was an extension for me to avoid charges, this grievance can’t be engaged.

Changes that have been made in the cost?

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With the nation introducing another assessment administration with the presentation of the Goods and Services Tax (GST), customers will now need to pay more to bank administrations, protection premium instalments and Mastercard charges starting Saturday. The greater part of the money related administrations will pull in a higher duty of 18 for each penny as against the past 15 for every penny under the new aberrant expense administration.

Conclusion

Among the host of dignitaries who were present during the grand event included President Pranab Mukherjee, Vice-President Hamid Ansari, Speaker Sumitra Mahajan, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, former Prime Minister H D Deve Gowda, ministers, MPs and other special invitees.

Now this leaves the Indian economy in the hands of the Modi Government and Taxation.

 

 

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